Rebecca image

BIPOLAR I DISORDER CLINICAL DATA

ABILIFY MAINTENA® (aripiprazole): Proven efficacy and demonstrated safety for maintenance monotherapy for appropriate patients living with bipolar I disorder
Actor portrayal. Not an actual patient.

52-WEEK MAINTENANCE STUDY

Study design

52-week multiphase maintenance study of patients with bipolar I disorder with a history of ≥1 manic or mixed episode that required hospitalization, or treatment with either a mood stabilizer or antipsychotic. Baseline patient characteristics included patients currently experiencing a manic episode and ≥20 YMRS total score; patients were excluded if they experienced ≥9 episodes (rapid cycling) in the past year.1

Phases consisted of an open-label phase 1 (conversion to oral aripiprazole), an open-label phase 2 (stabilization on oral aripiprazole 15 mg to 30 mg once daily), a single-blind phase 3 (conversion and stabilization on ABILIFY MAINTENA 400 mg; patients continued on oral aripiprazole 10 mg to 20 mg for the first 14 days following the initial ABILIFY MAINTENA dose), and a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized phase 4 in which patients received either ABILIFY MAINTENA (n=133) or placebo IM depot (n=133).1

 

IM=intramuscular; YMRS=Young Mania Rating Scale.

VIEW THE FULL STUDY DESIGN

The placebo-controlled, 52-week maintenance study evaluated the time to recurrence for adult patients with bipolar I disorder1

Study design

A 52-week, multiphase study that included open-label conversion to oral aripiprazole.1 Phases consisted of an open-label phase 1 (conversion to oral aripiprazole), an open-label phase 2 (stabilization on oral aripiprazole 15 mg to 30 mg once daily), a single-blind phase 3 (conversion and stabilization on 
ABILIFY MAINTENA 400 mg; patients continued on oral aripiprazole 10 mg to 20 mg for the first 14 days following the initial ABILIFY MAINTENA dose), and a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized phase 4 in which patients received either ABILIFY MAINTENA (n=133) or placebo IM depot (n=133).
 

  • Open-label phase 1: Conversion to oral aripiprazole
  • Open-label phase 2: Patients were stabilized on oral aripiprazole (15 mg to 30 mg/day)
  • Single-blind phase 3: Patients were stabilized on ABILIFY MAINTENA 400 mg (along with oral aripiprazole [10 mg to 20 mg] for the first 14 days)
  • Double-blind, placebo-controlled study: Patients were randomized to either ABILIFY MAINTENA (n=133) or intramuscular placebo (n=133)
PATIENTS WERE RECEIVING A RANGE OF MEDICATIONS (>5%) PRIOR TO STUDY ENROLLMENT2*AripiprazoleValproate semisodium/sodium/valproic acidLithium/lithium carbonateLamotrigineTrazodone/trazodone hydrochloride23.0%12.7%6.8%8.7%28.2%16.5%9.4%9.0%QuetiapineRisperidoneOlanzapineANTIPSYCHOTICSMOOD STABILIZERSANTIDEPRESSANTS
PATIENTS WERE RECEIVING A RANGE OF MEDICATIONS (>5%)
PRIOR TO STUDY ENROLLMENT2*†
ANTIPSYCHOTICSAripiprazole28.2%
Quetiapine16.5%
Risperidone9.4%
Olanzapine9.0%
MOOD STABILIZERSValproate semisodium/sodium/valproic acid23.0%
Lithium/lithium carbonate12.7%
Lamotrigine6.8%
ANTIDEPRESSANTSTrazodone/trazodone hydrochloride8.7%

*Not a complete list.

For patients naïve to aripiprazole, establish tolerability with oral aripiprazole prior to initiating ABILIFY MAINTENA. Due to the half-life of oral aripiprazole, it may take up to 2 weeks to fully assess tolerability.

Primary endpoint: Time from randomization to recurrence of any mood episode1

ABILIFY MAINTENA reduced the risk of recurrence of any mood episode1

  • Significantly delayed time to recurrence for a manic episode and mixed episode. No substantial difference in the time to a depressive episode1

The hazard ratio was used to calculate the reduction in risk of recurrence for patients on 
ABILIFY MAINTENA vs placebo.

ABILIFY MAINTENA significantly delayed time to recurrence of any mood episode vs placebo (HR=0.45 [95% CI, 0.30-0.68], P<0.0001)

Primary endpoint: Time from randomization to recurrence of any mood episode1

Weeks from randomizationNumber of patients at risk0.00.40.20.60.8Proportion of patients with recurrenceABILIFY MAINTENA (n=132)Placebo (n=133)1321251111019385848076727069676204812162024283236404448521331211049184756759555350484337
0.004812162024283236404448521321251111019385848076727069676213312110491847567595553504843370.40.20.60.8Proportion of patients with recurrenceWeeks from randomizationNumber of patients at riskABILIFY MAINTENA (n=132)Placebo (n=133)

Significantly delayed time to recurrence for a manic episode and mixed episode. No substantial difference in the time to a depressive episode.

Recurrence was defined as clinical worsening, psychiatric hospitalization, or increased risk of suicide.

§This figure is based on a total of 103 recurrences.
CI=confidence interval; HR=hazard ratio.

Important Warning and Precaution Regarding Cerebrovascular Adverse Events, Including Stroke

Increased incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, have been reported in clinical trials of elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with oral aripiprazole. 

Image
Download, Icon

See the bipolar I disorder brochure

See the clinical data on ABILIFY MAINTENA for maintenance monotherapy for appropriate patients living with bipolar I disorder.

Secondary endpoint: RecurrenceII of manic or mixed episode2
75%

REDUCED RISK OF RECURRENCE OF MANIC OR MIXED MOOD EPISODES vs PLACEBO (HR=0.249 [95% CI, 0.137-0.451], P<0.0001)2

  • Significantly delayed time to recurrence for a manic episode (HR=0.259 [95% CI, 0.136-0.495], P<0.0001) or mixed episode (HR=0.202 [95% CI, 0.044-0.939], P=0.0237)2
  • No substantial difference in the time to a depressive episode (HR=0.932 [95% CI, 0.497-1.747], P=0.8247)2

The HR was used to calculate the reduction in risk of recurrence for patients on ABILIFY MAINTENA vs placebo.

||Recurrence was defined as clinical worsening, psychiatric hospitalization, or increased risk of suicide.
 
Image
Explore Data, Icon

Explore schizophrenia clinical data

See how ABILIFY MAINTENA may help appropriate adult patients with schizophrenia.

Important Warning and Precaution Regarding Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)

NMS is a potentially fatal symptom complex reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs including ABILIFY MAINTENA. Clinical signs of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and evidence of autonomic instability. Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis), and acute renal failure. Manage NMS with immediate discontinuation of ABILIFY MAINTENA, intensive symptomatic treatment, and monitoring.

Considering ABILIFY MAINTENA for your patients?

Image
Initiate ABILIFY MAINTENA, Icon

Ready to initiate ABILIFY MAINTENA?

See how you can get appropriate patients started on ABILIFY MAINTENA.

Image
Gears, Icon

View pharmacokinetics

See the pharmacokinetic data for ABILIFY MAINTENA in adult patients with schizophrenia.

Please see FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION, including BOXED WARNING.

References: 1. Calabrese JR, Sanchez R, Jin N, et al. Efficacy and safety of aripiprazole once-monthly in the maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 52-week randomized withdrawal study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2017;78(3):324-331. 2. Data on file. ABIMAI-178.

INDICATIONS and IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION for ABILIFY MAINTENA® (aripiprazole)

INDICATIONS and IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION for ABILIFY MAINTENA® (aripiprazole)

INDICATIONS

ABILIFY MAINTENA® (aripiprazole) is an atypical antipsychotic indicated for:

  • Treatment of schizophrenia in adults
  • Maintenance monotherapy treatment of bipolar I disorder in adults

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at increased risk of death (1.6 to 1.7 times) compared to placebo-treated patients. ABILIFY MAINTENA is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis.

Contraindication: Known hypersensitivity reaction to aripiprazole. Reactions have ranged from pruritus/urticaria to anaphylaxis.

Cerebrovascular Adverse Events, Including Stroke: Increased incidence of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, have been reported in clinical trials of elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with oral aripiprazole.

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS): NMS is a potentially fatal symptom complex reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs including ABILIFY MAINTENA. Clinical signs of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and evidence of autonomic instability. Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis), and acute renal failure. Manage NMS with immediate discontinuation of ABILIFY MAINTENA, intensive symptomatic treatment, and monitoring.

Tardive Dyskinesia (TD): Risk of TD, and the potential to become irreversible, are believed to increase with duration of treatment and total cumulative dose of antipsychotic drugs. TD can develop after a relatively brief treatment period, even at low doses, or after discontinuation of treatment. Prescribing should be consistent with the need to minimize TD. If antipsychotic treatment is withdrawn, TD may remit, partially or completely.

Metabolic Changes: Atypical antipsychotic drugs have caused metabolic changes including:

  • Hyperglycemia/Diabetes Mellitus: Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar coma, or death, has been reported in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics including aripiprazole. Patients with diabetes mellitus should be regularly monitored for worsening of glucose control; those with risk factors for diabetes (e.g., obesity, family history of diabetes), should undergo baseline and periodic fasting blood glucose testing. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia should also undergo fasting blood glucose testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when the atypical antipsychotic was discontinued; however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the suspect drug.
  • Dyslipidemia: Undesirable alterations in lipids have been observed in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics.
  • Weight Gain: Weight gain has been observed with atypical antipsychotic use. Clinical monitoring of weight is recommended.

Pathological Gambling and Other Compulsive Behaviors: Intense urges, particularly for gambling, and the inability to control these urges have been reported while taking aripiprazole. Other compulsive urges have been reported less frequently. Prescribers should ask patients or their caregivers about the development of new or intense compulsive urges. Consider dose reduction or stopping aripiprazole if such urges develop.

Orthostatic Hypotension: ABILIFY MAINTENA may cause orthostatic hypotension and should be used with caution in patients with known cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, or conditions which would predispose them to hypotension.

Falls: Antipsychotics may cause somnolence, postural hypotension, motor and sensory instability, which may lead to falls causing fractures or other injuries. For patients with diseases, conditions, or medications that could exacerbate these effects, complete fall risk assessments when initiating treatment and recurrently during therapy.

Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis: Leukopenia, neutropenia and agranulocytosis have been reported with antipsychotics. Monitor complete blood count in patients with pre-existing low white blood cell count (WBC)/absolute neutrophil count or history of drug-induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Discontinue ABILIFY MAINTENA at the first sign of a clinically significant decline in WBC and in severely neutropenic patients.

Seizures: ABILIFY MAINTENA should be used with caution in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that lower the seizure threshold.

Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment: ABILIFY MAINTENA may impair judgment, thinking, or motor skills. Instruct patients to avoid operating hazardous machinery, including automobiles, until they are certain ABILIFY MAINTENA does not affect them adversely.

Body Temperature Regulation: Use ABILIFY MAINTENA with caution in patients who may experience conditions that increase body temperature (e.g., strenuous exercise, extreme heat, dehydration, or concomitant use with anticholinergics).

Dysphagia: Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with ABILIFY MAINTENA. Use caution in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia.

Alcohol: Advise patients to avoid alcohol while taking ABILIFY MAINTENA.

Concomitant Medication: Dosage adjustments are recommended in patients who are CYP2D6 poor metabolizers and in patients taking concomitant CYP3A4 inhibitors or CYP2D6 inhibitors for greater than 14 days. Avoid concomitant use of CYP3A4 inducers with ABILIFY MAINTENA for greater than 14 days. Dosage adjustments are not recommended for patients with concomitant use of CYP3A4 inhibitors, CYP2D6 inhibitors or CYP3A4 inducers for less than 14 days.

Most Commonly Observed Adverse Reactions: The most commonly observed adverse reactions with ABILIFY MAINTENA in patients with schizophrenia (incidence ≥5% and at least twice that for placebo) were increased weight, akathisia, injection site pain, and sedation.

Injection Site Reactions: In a short-term, clinical trial with ABILIFY MAINTENA in patients with schizophrenia treated with gluteal administered ABILIFY MAINTENA, the percent of patients reporting any injection site-related adverse reaction was 5.4%, and 0.6% for placebo. In an open label study of ABILIFY MAINTENA administered in the deltoid or gluteal muscle, injection site pain was observed at approximately equal rates.

Dystonia: Symptoms of dystonia may occur in susceptible individuals during the first days of treatment and at low doses.

Pregnancy: Neonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs, including ABILIFY MAINTENA, during the third trimester of pregnancy are at risk for extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms. Consider the benefits and risks of ABILIFY MAINTENA and possible risks to the fetus when prescribing ABILIFY MAINTENA to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women of potential fetal risk.

Lactation: Aripiprazole is present in human breast milk. A decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother and any potential risks to the infant.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Otsuka America Pharmaceutical, Inc. at 1-800-438-9927 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 (www.fda.gov/medwatch).

Please see FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION, including BOXED WARNING.